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APM Spine & Sports Physicians

Physicians and Staff

APM Spine and Sports Physicians is a multidisciplinary group of professionals who specialize in reducing or eliminating pain. We are specialists in diagnosing and treating a wide variety of conditions that interfere with an individual’s ability to function. Close teamwork means we have the advantage of having a second expert opinion right here on the premises. Known as physiatrists, our physicians have advanced medical training in treating pain due to illness or injury of the muscles, nerves, tendons, joints and ligaments.

Physicians


Dr. Barr, a Hampton Roads native, is a seasoned physician with a passion for treating people with musculoskeletal conditions that cause pain and dysfunction. She is a double alumna of EVMS finishing as Chief resident in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in 1988. As the founding partner at APM Spine and Sports Physicians, she focuses her energy on developing innovative methods to help to guide people to optimal recovery, assisting them to achieve their best functional outcome. By embracing both the newest technologies and the “fine art of healing” she is recognized as a driving force of change in the field both locally and nationally. Her most recent emphasis has been to promote and develop the concepts of biologic healing, using techniques that facilitate the body to heal itself. Her patients range from High School and Professional Athletes, fire fighters, police officers and board room execs to adoring grandparents and budding master gardeners. She has consistently been honored as a “Top Doc” and was selected as one of 2012’s Hampton Roads Business Women of the Year.

Over the years, she has been involved on many different hospital and community boards. She is presently training for her ballroom dance debut in “ 2014’s Hampton Roads Dancing With The Stars”. Currently, she devotes much of her personal and professional time seeking new ways to expand integrative concepts in health and healing and she is actively pursuing writing as a creative means of expression. A teacher at heart, she is interested in helping people understand the mind-body connection on a more practical level and serves as a mentor for young people interested in pursuing careers in healthcare.

On a personal level, she loves the great outdoors and regularly plays tennis and golf and enjoys hiking, horses and paddle boarding. She has an adventurous spirit and is a seasoned traveler and experienced sailor. Spending time with family and friends is her favorite past time. Her 2 adult children are busy pursuing their graduate degrees in the fields of Nursing and Education.

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Dr. Horn received his undergraduate degree from Emory University in Atlanta and earned his doctorate in osteopathic medicine from the Des Moines University School of Osteopathic Medicine. He completed his residency in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at the University of North Carolina Hospital in Chapel Hill, where he served as chief resident and was active in research. He then pursued fellowship training in Interventional Spine and Pain Medicine at the Orthopedic Specialists of the Carolinas in Winston-Salem, NC. He has recently been appointed as the International Spine Intervention Society representative to the American Medical Association’s committee on economic issues.

Dr. Horn is an interventional spine specialist. He is board certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. His special interests include spinal procedures, osteopathic manipulation, electrodiagnostics (EMG), research and sports medicine. Dr. Horn is available in the Norfolk and Virginia Beach locations.

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Dr. David Levi received his undergraduate degree at Tulane University in New Orleans. He earned his Doctorate of Medicine from Eastern Virginia Medical School. He completed his residency in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation at Carolinas Rehabilitation in Charlotte, North Carolina where he served as Chief Resident. After completing his residency, he pursued advanced training through a fellowship in spine injections and musculoskeletal medicine in New Orleans at LSU. In 2003, he joined APM Spine and Sports physicians and currently practices in the Virginia Beach and Norfolk locations..

Dr. Levi is board certified by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. He is an active member of several organizations including the American Academy of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, International Spine Intervention Society, North American Spine Society, American Medical Society for Sports Medicine and American Institute of Ultrasound Medicine. He has lectured extensively on back and neck pain as well as spine injections. Dr. Levi is an instructor and lecturer for the North American Spine Society, teaching other physicians basic and advanced spine injection techniques. He has served as principle investigator for multiple research trials including cutting edge intradiscal treatments for low back pain..

Other areas of clinical interest and expertise include the use of neuro-musculoskeletal ultrasound. He is skilled in using ultrasound to diagnose upper and lower extremity disorders, such as shoulder, elbow or knee conditions. Dr. Levi is able to improve the accuracy and success rate of an injection by ensuring proper placement using ultrasound guidance. He was instrumental in helping APM earn accreditation for musculoskeletal ultrasound from the American Institute of Ultrasound Medicine..

Dr. Levi is an active researcher and published author in both the fields of spine injections and ultrasound guided peripheral joint injections. He serves on the editorial staff of the prestigious Spine Journal reviewing research articles submitted for publication.
He has a special interest in regenerative medicine including the use of platelet rich plasma and stem cell concentrate treatments. His approach of combining ultrasound as a diagnostic tool along with his advanced skills in injection techniques allows his patients to achieve the highest possible level of success..

Dr. Levi was awarded the honor of “Top Docs” in Hampton Roads, Virginia 2013..

Dr. Levi lives in Virginia Beach with his family and enjoys saltwater fishing, kayaking, running and tennis.

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Dr. Bonnie Nock earned her doctorate of medicine from the Health Science Center of North Texas. She completed her internship at Fort Worth Osteopathic Medical Center and then completed residencies in Internal Medicine and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. During her residency in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation she served as chief resident at the MetroHealth Medical Center/Case Western Reserve University. Prior to medical school she obtained a degree in Physical Therapy at the University of Pittsburgh and a Masters degree in Physiology at North Texas University. She joined APM Spine and Sports Physicians in 1995 and currently practices in all of our offices.

She is board certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation since 1996. Dr Nock served as the medical director for DePaul Medical Centers Rehabilitation Unit for 9 years and is still affiliated with the hospital. Professional organizations include the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the Virginia Society of PM&R and the American Medical Association. She has lectured on topics related to stroke, head injury, spinal cord injury and pain management. Clinical areas of interest include myofascial pain syndrome, sacroiliac pain, discogenic pain, musculoskeletal problems, Botulinum toxin injections, and Electrodiagnostic testing (EMG).

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Dr. Robert Spear earned his doctorate of Osteopathic Medicine from the University of New England. He completed a three-year residency in Family Practice/Internal Medicine at Norwalk Hospital/Yale University Medical Centre in Connecticut. He then completed a three-year residency in physical medicine and rehabilitation and was chief resident at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital. He joined Advanced Pain Management in 1998. He currently practices in our Virginia Beach and Norfolk offices.

He is board certified in PM&R. He lectures nationally on headache and its treatment as well as locally on spine spasticity and myofascial pain management. He serves on National Advisory Panels for headache and spasticity.

Dr. Spear has been an active investigator on multiple medical trials with emphasis on headache related research.

Clinical areas of interest include head and neck pain, myofascial pain syndrome, spasticity, non-allopathic mechanical dysfunction, with conservative treatment emphasis of osteopathic manipulative therapy, peripheral musculoskeletal procedures, botulinum toxin, and fluoroscopically guided spinal injections.

Hospital associations include, Sentara Virginia Beach General Hospital and DePaul Medical Center.

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Photo of Edward Walko D.O.
Research Director

In 1996 Dr. Walko helped form the research department at Advanced Pain Management. He has been a principal investigator for pain trials and fibromyalgia studies. He has also served as sub-investigator for many pain and arthritis studies. He has also been co-investigator for Botox injection trials.

Clinical areas of interest include low back pain, neck pain, spinal disorders, amputations, myofascial and muscle pain, acute injuries, spinal injections, Botox injections, arthritis, and sports medicine.

Hospital affiliations include Virginia Beach General Hospital.

Dr. Walko lives in Virginia Beach and enjoys surfing, fishing, music, and spending time with his family.

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Physician Assistants


Kirsten Allred, PA-C, is a board certified Physician Assistant and a Virginia
Beach native. She graduated from Eastern Virginia Medical School with a
Master of Science degree in Physician Assistant and obtained her bachelor’s
degree in Therapeutic Recreation from Old Dominion University.   Kirsten is an
active member of the American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA) and
Virginia Academy of Physician Assistants (VAPA). In her spare time, Kirsten
enjoys spending time with her family and friends, going to the beach,
reading, and exercising.
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Abby Barney is a board certified Physician Assistant and a Virginia Beach native.  She graduated Eastern Virginia Medical School’s Physician Assistant Program and attended Virginia Tech for her undergraduate degree in Human Nutrition, Foods, and Exercise.  Abby is a member of the American Academy of Physician Assistants (AAPA) and Pi Alpha National Honor Society.  She competed on the Virginia Tech Swim Team and completed her field study in Virginia Tech’s athletic training room, which led to her interest in Sport’s Medicine.  In her spare time, Abby enjoys spending time with her family and friends, going to the beach or pool, reading, and exercising.

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Jessica Martyak, PA-C is a Board Certified Physician Assistant and native of Virginia Beach. She joined APM Spine and Sports Physicians in August 2011. She graduated from Eastern Virginia Medical School with a Master of Science Degree in Physician Assistant and obtained her Bachelor’s in Biology from James Madison University. She has volunteered as an EMT with the Rescue Squad and worked at Children’s Hospital of the King’s Daughters as a Clinician. She is an active member of the American Academy of Physician Assistants.

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Eric is a graduate of Pennsylvania College of Technology’s Physician Assistant program in 2012. He joined APM in September 2012. He is NCCPA board certified and an active member of the American Association of Physician Assistants (AAPA). He strives to provide quality and effective care in a timely manner. Prior to attending Physician Assistant school, he served as an enlisted active duty service member of the United States Navy (USN) for 8 years in various locations. During his time in the navy he served partly as a rescue swimmer and participated in several mission trips in foreign countries. When not working, he enjoys time with his wife, reading, golfing, and paddleboarding.

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Sara Tyszko, PA-C, is a graduate of the Towson University-CCBC Essex Physician Assistant Program in Baltimore, MD. She received her Bachelor’s degree in biology from Washington College in Chestertown, MD.

Sara spent four years in the laboratory at the Johns Hopkins University Oncology Department researching adult stem cell potentials prior to her master’s studies. After completing Physician Assistant training, Sara specialized in pain treatment for four years at the UHA Pain Treatment Center in Morgantown, WV.

Sara participated in athletics at the college level and continues to be interested in sports medicine and injury, and in research. Her unique qualifications and experience complement and expand the treatment options in physical medicine and rehabilitation at APM Spine and Sports Physicians.

Outside of work, Sara enjoys the beach, music, reading and spending time with her family.

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Physical Therapists


Kathryn Bragg has been practicing physical therapy for over 25 years, and has been with APM Spine & Sports since 1997. She received her Bachelors Degree in Physical Therapy from Old Dominion University in 1982. After graduation she was involved in Pediatrics with the Virginia Beach City Public Schools for two years, before moving to an acute care program with Sentara Leigh. While at Sentara Leigh she specialized in Work Hardening and Rehabilitation, as well as becoming more involved in manual therapy. She started specializing more in myofascial release/manual techniques in 1986. She was Director of Rehabilitation Services at DePaul Medical Center from 1990 through 1993 and Site coordinator with HealthSouth from 1993 – 1997 before coming to work at Advanced Pain Management.

Mrs. Bragg has been specializing in manual Therapy for 21 years, primarily focusing on Myofascial Pain and Soft Tissue Dysfunction. She has been trained in Myofascial Release, Strain/Counterstrain, TMJ Dysfunction and CranioSacral Therapy. She works with chronic pain issues, as well as any other problems associated with soft tissue restrictions that adversely affect posture. Emphasis of therapy is on decreasing the soft tissue restrictions, increasing postural awareness/retraining, and helping patients learn self management skills leading to independent management of symptoms.

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Scott Burch received his master’s degree in Physical Therapy from D’Youville College in Buffalo, New York in 1991. He also received a Bachelor of Science in Health, Physical Education and Recreation from Lock Haven University, Lock Haven Pennsylvania in 1985.

His clinical experience includes Director of Spineworks from 1996 through 2010, Clinical Director at Peninsula Physical Therapy and Associates, Inc from 1993-1996 and physical therapist from 1991 – 1993. He served as an Adjunct Faculty member at Old Dominion University in the School of Athletic Training from 2002 – 2003. He has been a continuing education instructor for the American Physical Rehabilitation network since 2003. He is the co-developer and instructor for the instructional course, “The Pelvis, the First Link in the Chain”.

He has attended over 30 continuing education seminars. The focus of his education has largely been on manually based approaches to treatment. This has included the School of Osteopathic Medicine at Michigan State University. Other areas of focus have been in Craniosacral and Myofascial techniques, Adverse Neural-Dural Tension, as well as Neuromuscular Stabilization through the Praque School of Medicine

He resides with his wife and child in Chesapeake, Virginia. When he is not spending time with his family, he continues his quest to perfect his golf game.

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Carmen Cellon has been an Athletic Trainer and Physical Therapist for over 25 years. She received her BS in Health and Physical Education from the University of Alabama, her MS degree with an emphasis in Sports Medicine from the United States Sports Academy, and her BS in Physical Therapy from the University of Maryland at Baltimore.

She began her career as an Athletic Trainer working at the Federal Law Enforcement Center, the University of Florida, and the United States Naval Academy. As a Physical Therapist and a military spouse, she worked in a variety of settings across the country. This included Sports Medicine, Orthopedics, Acute Care, geriatrics, and Chronic pain.

She joined the staff at APM SPINE & SPORTS in December 2010 after working at Spineworks Physical Therapy in Norfolk, VA. from 2004 -2010.

She has attended multiple continuing education seminars always focusing on a manual approach to treatment, postural restoration and neuromuscular re-education. She is trained in Cranio-sacral Therapy, Muscle Energy Techniques, Strain Counter Strain, Myofascial Release and Soft Tissue Mobilization, as well as Postural dysfunction and Restoration.

Carmen resides in Virginia Beach with her husband and three children. She enjoys boating, skiing, reading and exercise.

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Prior to joining Advanced Pain Management, Robin worked as a staff physical therapist at Spineworks Physical Therapy from 1997 to 2010. She graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy from Boston University, Sargent College in 1988. She has also worked at Peninsula Physical Therapy Associates, initially as a staff physical therapist and then as Director of Physical Therapy from 1992 – 1997, and as a Staff Physical Therapist at Ballston Physical Therapy and Sports Medicine Associates in Arlington, Virginia.

She has taken numerous continuing education courses ranging from Sports Medicine to myofascial/soft tissue techniques to pre and postnatal treatment programs. She is also McKenzie certified (Part A, B, C, D).

Robin is married and has three daughters. In her spare time, she enjoys spending time with her family, exercising, and going to the beach.

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Research Staff


Dr. Bonnie Nock earned her doctorate of medicine from the Health Science Center of North Texas. She completed her internship at Fort Worth Osteopathic Medical Center and then completed residencies in Internal Medicine and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. During her residency in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation she served as chief resident at the MetroHealth Medical Center/Case Western Reserve University. Prior to medical school she obtained a degree in Physical Therapy at the University of Pittsburgh and a Masters degree in Physiology at North Texas University. She joined APM Spine and Sports Physicians in 1995 and currently practices in all of our offices.

She is board certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation since 1996. Dr Nock served as the medical director for DePaul Medical Centers Rehabilitation Unit for 9 years and is still affiliated with the hospital. Professional organizations include the American Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, the Virginia Society of PM&R and the American Medical Association. She has lectured on topics related to stroke, head injury, spinal cord injury and pain management. Clinical areas of interest include myofascial pain syndrome, sacroiliac pain, discogenic pain, musculoskeletal problems, Botulinum toxin injections, and Electrodiagnostic testing (EMG).

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Dr. Robert Spear earned his doctorate of Osteopathic Medicine from the University of New England. He completed a three-year residency in Family Practice/Internal Medicine at Norwalk Hospital/Yale University Medical Centre in Connecticut. He then completed a three-year residency in physical medicine and rehabilitation and was chief resident at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Hospital. He joined Advanced Pain Management in 1998. He currently practices in our Virginia Beach and Norfolk offices.

He is board certified in PM&R. He lectures nationally on headache and its treatment as well as locally on spine spasticity and myofascial pain management. He serves on National Advisory Panels for headache and spasticity.

Dr. Spear has been an active investigator on multiple medical trials with emphasis on headache related research.

Clinical areas of interest include head and neck pain, myofascial pain syndrome, spasticity, non-allopathic mechanical dysfunction, with conservative treatment emphasis of osteopathic manipulative therapy, peripheral musculoskeletal procedures, botulinum toxin, and fluoroscopically guided spinal injections.

Hospital associations include, Sentara Virginia Beach General Hospital and DePaul Medical Center.

Categories: Physicians, Research Staff
Updated 1 month ago. Return to top.
Photo of Edward Walko D.O.
Research Director

In 1996 Dr. Walko helped form the research department at Advanced Pain Management. He has been a principal investigator for pain trials and fibromyalgia studies. He has also served as sub-investigator for many pain and arthritis studies. He has also been co-investigator for Botox injection trials.

Clinical areas of interest include low back pain, neck pain, spinal disorders, amputations, myofascial and muscle pain, acute injuries, spinal injections, Botox injections, arthritis, and sports medicine.

Hospital affiliations include Virginia Beach General Hospital.

Dr. Walko lives in Virginia Beach and enjoys surfing, fishing, music, and spending time with his family.

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